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Professor Alexiei Dingli unravels the blunders of AI

Posted:May 02, 2023 19:58 Category: AI , Executive Interview , Regulatory , Posted by Lea Hogg

In today’s rapidly advancing world, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become integral to various aspects of people’s lives.  It offers many solutions to complex problems. However, alongside its great potential lie numerous pitfalls and unintended consequences. By examining a selection of high-profile AI blunders, Professor Alexiei Dingli underscores the need for human vigilance in developing, implementing and monitoring these powerful tools, ultimately serving as a wake-up call for greater human involvement.

What is the impact of AI on search engines?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: AI blunders have permeated various industries and applications, from the seemingly innocuous to the downright dangerous. One area where the flaws of AI have become particularly evident is in the realm of search engines. Google’s search algorithm, which relies heavily on user traffic, has occasionally led to controversial image search results. Searches for specific topics have yielded either misleading or outright false results, highlighting the susceptibility of AI algorithms to manipulation and misinformation.

What about AI-powered chatbots?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: Similarly, AI-powered chatbots have shown that, without proper safeguards, they can quickly devolve into rogue agents. Microsoft’s chatbot Tay, designed to learn from its interactions with Twitter users, began sharing Nazi statements and racial slurs after being exposed to abusive interactions. This infamous incident demonstrated the potential dangers of machine learning when faced with harmful input and the pressing need for safeguards to prevent such occurrences.

What are the challenges in face identification?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: The bias is present in facial recognition AI has also raised red flags. Numerous instances of the technology struggling to accurately identify people of colour have led to a greater awareness of AI bias and the need for more inclusive datasets. From Google Photos categorizing black people as gorillas to Amazon’s Rekognition software falsely identifying members of the US Congress as police suspects, these incidents serve as stark reminders of the consequences of unchecked AI bias.

What is the impact of ‘Deepfakes’ in spreading disinformation?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: Deepfakes, another AI-driven technology, have sown seeds of doubt in digital media. These convincing forgeries, created using deep learning AI, have become increasingly difficult to distinguish from real images and videos. As deep fakes grow more sophisticated, humans must develop methods for detecting and mitigating their impact to preserve trust in digital media and prevent the spread of disinformation.

Can you identify some repercussions of the impact of gender bias?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: In the world of recruitment, Amazon’s AI-driven tool exhibited a gender bias that ultimately led to the project’s demise. The AI, trained on a dataset of predominantly male CVs, began filtering out CVs containing the keyword “women.” Despite efforts to correct this bias, the project was abandoned, illustrating the potential pitfalls of relying solely on AI for decision-making.

What happens when AI is misued?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: The misuse of AI, particularly in the form of jailbroken chatbots, has raised concerns about potential harm. Users have found ways to bypass limitations meant to prevent chatbots from providing banned content, leading to the creation of zero-day malware and instructions for building bombs or stealing cars. These incidents highlight the need for human oversight and the importance of stringent security measures to prevent AI technology from falling into the wrong hands.

How does AI work in relation to autonomous vehicles?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: Once touted as the future of transportation, autonomous vehicles have faced their share of challenges. Numerous crashes involving advanced driver-assistance systems have dampened enthusiasm for self-driving cars and raised concerns about their safety. As these vehicles become more prevalent on the roads, human involvement must remain at the forefront of their development and regulation.

What in your opinion are the limitations of the innovation that AI has brought?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: No one doubts that AI and machine learning hold ground breaking potential, but these high-profile incidents demonstrate their fallibility. Human oversight is paramount in developing, implementing, and monitoring AI systems. By recognizing AI’s limitations and diligently addressing its flaws, we can harness its power responsibly and mitigate the risks associated with its unintended consequences. As we venture further into this era of rapid technological advancement, we must strike a balance between tapping into AI’s vast potential and guaranteeing its ethical and conscientious application.

How important is human oversight?

Professor Alexiei Dingli: These AI blunders serve as an explosive wake-up call and a crucial reminder of the importance of human oversight in the face of increasingly powerful and pervasive technology. By learning from these incidents, remaining vigilant, and collaborating, we can develop and implement AI solutions that are not only effective but also ethical and accountable. Open dialogue and a commitment to addressing AI’s limitations and potential pitfalls will ensure that this revolutionary technology becomes a force for good, paving the way for a brighter, more equitable, and safer future for all.

Prof Alexiei Dingli is a renowned AI expert and Professor at the University of Malta. With over 20 years of experience in the field, he has helped numerous companies successfully implement AI solutions. His work has been recognized as world-class by international experts, and he has received numerous awards from organizations such as the European Space Agency, the World Intellectual Property Organization, and the United Nations. In addition to his considerable peer-reviewed publications, he has also been a core member of the Malta.AI task force, working to position Malta as a global leader in AI.

 

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